Fragrance allergy could be missed without patch testing with 26 individual fragrance allergens.
In 2003, the EU Cosmetics Directive stated that 26 fragrance substances must be listed on the cosmetic product ingredient labels. Not all of these 26 fragrance substances are detected by the usual screening markers comprising fragrance mix I, fragrance mix II, and Myroxylon pereirae.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of testing with the 26 individual fragrance substances in addition to the standard fragrance screening markers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and twelve consecutive patients were patch tested with our baseline series and the 26 specific fragrance substances required to be declared on cosmetic product ingredient labels in accordance with the EU Cosmetics Directive.
RESULTS: Positive reactions to at least either one of the 26 individual fragrance substances or the usual fragrancescreening markers were seen in 84 of 312 patients (26.9%). Fifteen of these 84 patients (17.8%) reacted negatively to thefragrance screening markers. The most common individual fragrance allergens were cinnamyl alcohol (11.2%), cinnamal (9%), and hydroxycitronellal (3.8%). Sixty-two of 312 patients (19.8%) had at least one positive reaction to the fragrancescreening markers.
CONCLUSION: Additional patch testing with the 26 individual fragrance allergens, or with the commonest fragranceallergens identified within these 26, should be performed to optimize the detection of fragrance allergy. Cinnamyl alcohol and cinnamal are important fragrance allergens in Thailand.
ปีที่ตีพิมพ์ : 2559 ปีที่ : 74 ฉบับที่ : 4 หน้าที่ : 230-235 ประเภท: research
วารสาร : Contact Dermatitis
Keyword : Fragrance allergy could be missed without patch testing with 26 individual fragrance allergens.