Analysis of epidemiology of acne, associated factors,quality of life, and treatment at the Institute of Dermatology
Background: Acne is a common skin disorder that mainly affects adolescents. However, few large-scale epidemiological studies on this condition have been conducted. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the epidemiology of acne and to identify its demographic and clinical features, aggravating factors, previous treatment behavior, present treatment, and quality of life. Methods: Investigators conducted a detailed clinical examination. Epidemiological data, aggravating factors, previous treatment behavior, and quality of life were obtained, using a self-administered questionnaire, from acne patients who visited the skin clinic at the Institute of Dermatology. Of the 837 participants, 632 were female (75.5%) and 205 were male (24.5%), giving a male : female ratio of 1 : 3. Female patients were older than male patients (22.4 years vs. 20.2 years) and had a longer duration of acne (5.4 years vs. 4.7 years). Acne first developed and presented most commonly on the forehead and cheeks, although the cheeks were more severely affected. Overall, 77.2% of the participants (77.2% of males and of females) had a treatment history. In male, 37.0% had acne treatment duration < 1 year, 43.9% had 1-5 years duration, and 12.7% had duration > 5 years. In female, 40.2% had acne treatment duration < 1 year, 36.9% had duration 1-5 years, and 14.0% had duration > 5 years. Lack of sleep, fatty meals, alcohol consumption, excessive exercise, and smoking were found to be more strongly associated with exacerbation in male than in female subjects (P < 0.001- 0.002). By contrast, use of cosmetics had greater detrimental effect in female subjects (P < 0.001). This study presents the demographic features and clinical characteristics of acne sufferers at the Institute of Dermatology. This large-scale analysis provides a useful overview of acne in Bangkok.
ปีที่ตีพิมพ์ : 2558 ปีที่ : ฉบับที่ : หน้าที่ : ประเภท: research
วารสาร : ไม่ระบุ
Keyword : 2015